Given the budget's injection of $24.5 billion for major roads and rail infrastructure, the private sector and universities should work closely with federal and state governments to ensure the skilled workforce required to deliver the landmark projects can be trained locally.
That's according to Dr Behzad Fatahi, an associate professor of civil engineering at the University of Technology Sydney, who said the new funding should be tied to the government's innovation agenda.
"Federal government should try to link the national innovation and science agenda with these new infrastructure investments to ensure smart ideas and new technologies will be proposed and used to reduce the construction and maintenance cost of transport infrastructure, to ensure projects are viable," Fatahi said.
"Smarter, more efficient ways of constructing and maintaining large-scale infrastructure is needed given maintenance cost of transport infrastructure has been increasing.
As an example, Fatahi says that over the past five years, the expenditure for local road maintenance has increased by $97 million."
"At the same time, disruption to infrastructure systems can cause tremendous challenges for society, such as a significant reduction in the freight capacity of roads and railway lines and delayed commuter access to ports, airports, industrial areas and business precincts," Fatahi said.
"Therefore, Australian industries together with research organisations should focus their research and development efforts on developing efficient construction technologies to reduce future maintenance cost of transport infrastructure, so the return on investment on the upcoming projects could enhance."
While the budget funding for rail projects is welcome, it does not go nearly far enough to meet the challenges facing the country, especially the cities where most Australians live, according to Dr Ian Woodcock from the Centre of Urban Research at RMIT University.
"Roads represent about 84% of the transport project funding, far more should be going to rail where we are playing catch up for an advanced economy," Woodcock adds.
"A funding program for comprehensive, integrated transport planning is needed more than support for project-based business cases for politically-driven road projects.
"The ‘up to $5 billion' for airport rail for Victoria comes with strings attached that may re-ignite the political differences that have stalled this link for several decades."
Budget papers show that the key rail infrastructure projects among the $24.5 billion of new funding include:
- Up to $5 billion for construction of a rail link to the Melbourne Airport
- $1.1 billion towards further components of Perth's METRONET program
- $400 million to duplicate a section of the Port Botany Rail Line
- $390 million for the upgrade of the Beerburrum to Nambour Line on the Sunshine Coast
- $300 million for the Brisbane Metro project
- $220 million for the electrification of the Gawler Line in northern Adelaide
The major urban and regional road projects include:
- $1 billion for the M1 Motorway corridor
- $3.3 billion for the Bruce Highway in Queensland
- $1.4 billion for Adelaide's North-South Corridor
- $971 million to build the Coffs Harbour Bypass on the Pacific Highway in NSW
- $1.75 billion for the new North East Link in Melbourne
- $560 million to deliver Stages 2 and 3 of the Bunbury Outer Ring Road in WA
- $280 million for regional road works in the NT
- $461 million to build a new Bridgewater Bridge in Hobart
Minister for infrastructure and transport Michael McCormack said that strong governance arrangements linked to funding commitments would ensure value for money on the projects, while the Commonwealth would "continue to press the states and territories to provide their fair share of funding."
"The government also remains committed to exploring every opportunity for private sector involvement to help reduce the cost on hard-working Australians," McCormack concludes.